Alfred Cramer has performed with Brandywine Baroque, the University of Pennsylvania Baroque Ensemble, the Bach Festival of Philadelphia, Con Gioia, and the Cornucopia Baroque Ensemble. As a modern violinist he has played in the New Haven and Colorado Springs Symphonies, the National Repertory Orchestra, in several regional orchestras in the Philadelphia area, and as soloist with the National Repertory Orchestra. Since 1995 he has taught music theory as well as courses on perceptual and cultural aspects of sound at Pomona College. His research as a music theorist focuses on cognitive and linguistic aspects of communication through music. In addition to his current work studying Woody Guthrie's "This Land Is Your Land," he has written about relationships between musical ideas, handwriting, and stenography in the nineteenth century and about the meanings of sounds in music of Schoenberg, Webern, and Berg.